Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS ,15th July, 2018

Global trail: Tramadol high on drug enforcement agenda

PAPER 3:Issues related to Health.

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Context

For several months, drug enforcement agencies from various countries had been telling their Indian counterparts how there was widespread diversion of Tramadol tablets originating from pharmaceutical units in India.

Background

  • Late last year, officials of the Directorate of Revenue Intelligence had been tracking a large export consignment of Tramadol, a synthetic opioid, a prescription painkiller that was listed in the Schedule-H of the Drugs and Cosmetics Act.

  • Having been alerted, the DRI had begun keeping tabs on the exports. One case was proving particularly tough to track because the shipping papers had been switched at the transit port to show a different destination from the one declared. 

  • The DRI was able to finally trace the shipment to Nigeria. 

  • However, the consignment vanished deep into the African country.

About Tramadol

  • Tramadol, sold under the brand name Ultram among others, is an opioid pain medication used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain.
  •  When taken by mouth in an immediate-release formulation, the onset of pain relief usually occurs within an hour.
  • It is often combined with paracetamol (acetaminophen) as this is known to improve the efficacy of tramadol in relieving pain. 
  • Common side effects include: constipation, itchiness and nausea.
  • Serious side effects may include seizures, increased risk of serotonin syndrome, decreased alertness, and drug addiction.
  •  A change in dosage may be recommended in those with kidney or liver problems.
  • It is not recommended in those who are at risk of suicide.
  • While not recommended in women who are breastfeeding, those who take a single dose should not generally stop breastfeeding.

Source :The Hindu.

Pir Panjal Himalayas yield new ant species

PAPER 3:Bio Diversity.

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Context

Dr. Himender Bharti from the Ant Systematics and Molecular Biology Lab in the Department of Zoology and Environmental Sciences, Punjabi University, Patiala, was in for a pleasant surprise to find that the new species was called Leptogenys bhartii .

Details

  • The new ant species were discovered from the southern foothills of Pir Panjal Himalayas in Rajouri district of Jammu and Kashmir.

  • The new ant species was identified based on morphology. 

  • The scientists looked for specific characters that are conserved in the genus in question to ascertain that it is a new species.

About Pir Panjal Himalayas

  • The Pir Panjal Range is a group of mountains in the Inner Himalayan region, running from east-southeast (ESE) to west-northwest (WNW) across the Indian states of Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir where the average elevation varies from 1,400 m (4,600 ft) to 4,100 m (13,500 ft).

  • The Himalayas show a gradual elevation towards the Dhauldhar and Pir Panjal ranges. 

  • Pir Panjal is the largest range of the lower Himalayas. Near the bank of the Sutlej river, it dissociates itself from the Himalayas and forms a divide between the rivers Beas and Ravi on one side and the Chenab on the other. 

  • The famous Galyat mountains are also located in this range.

Source :The Hindu.

FDA approves first drug to treat smallpox

PAPER 3:Issues related to Health.

Context

The US Food and Drug Administration announced its approval of the first drug to treat smallpox.

Background

The contagious disease was eradicated in 1980 thanks to vaccination efforts, but there are concerns that it could be used in a bioterror attack.

Details

  • Smallpox is spread by direct contact, and symptoms begin 10 to 14 days after a person is infected, according to the FDA.

  • They include fever, headache, backache and exhaustion.

  • The hallmark is a rash beginning as small, pink bumps that develop into pus-filled sores, which become scabs and then scars. 

About TPOXX

  • TPOXX is the first approved treatment specifically indicated for the treatment of this virus.

  • In the event of a smallpox attack, even those who have been vaccinated previously would need to be vaccinated again to ensure protection.

  • If a single case of smallpox were to be identified, this would be considered an emergency.

Source :The Hindu.

Thrissur’s Pulikali on the road to extinction

PAPER 1:Indian Culture.

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Context

Kerala’s hallmark street art form, Puikali is fading due to state apathy and shortage of funds.

Background

  • Two centuries ago, when tigers roamed Thrissur streets on the Chathayam day of Chingom, they did so in royal grandeur. 

  • It was majesty and power that Shakthan Thampuran probably intended to infuse into Kerala’s hallmark harvest festival when he introduced Pulikali, the tiger hunt–themed street art form that has men done up in tiger body art roaming the streets in a feral dance, well-aided by rustic drum beats.

Present status

  • Now, years later, the pomp is in place and even the gaiety, as Pulikali teams get on street on Chathayam day. 

  • But the shades of draining pride are more than conspicuous. 

  • The art form, which can proudly be called Thrissur’s own, is being ravaged mainly by financial crisis.

Source : The Hindu.

 

Mains Answer Writing

  1. Examine the salient features of the DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 and analyse its shortcomings.
  2. Write a note on the role played by Himalayas in maintaining the extreme climate of India and also its importance.
  3. Discuss how art forms are being neglected an vanishing in times. What needs to be done to preserve them.