Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 22nd August 2019

Why the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was a timely policy intervention?

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

Image result for Why the Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was a timely policy intervention

Context

  • Recently, a study has shown that Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was a timely intervention to rectify the harm caused by Household Air Pollution (HAP).
  • The emissions of PM2.5 generated by the burning of solid fuels in households are termed Household Air Pollution (HAP). 

Background

  • The study claims that more than 8 lakh premature deaths occur in India every year as a result of exposure to HAP indoors.
  • Moreover, the HAP produced indoors travels outdoors and also becomes a contributor to ambient air pollution. 

About the Particle matter

  • PM 2.5 or fine particulate matter refers to particles or droplets with a diameter of 2.5 micrometres or less.
  • Such particles can travel deep into the respiratory system and exposure to them can cause several adverse health effects, both short-term and long-term, including respiratory problems and heart disease. 

About the Scheme

  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is a scheme of the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.
  • The scheme was launched in 2016.
  • It aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG.
  • The scheme provides free LPG connections to economically weaker families.
  • The connections are issued in the name of women of the households.
  • Under the scheme, cash assistance of Rs.1600 is given to the beneficiaries to get a deposit-free new connection.
  • Further, interest free loan is provided to purchase stove and refill by Oil Marketing Companies

Source: The Hindu. 


National Medical Commission Act has two key contradictions

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

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Context

  • Parliament has passed the National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019 which seeks to repeal the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.
  • However, experts have said that there are two fundamental contradictions and inconsistencies in the NMC Act, 2019. 

Background

  • The first contradiction is that Section 15(1) of the NMC Act act has proposed a common exit examination called National Exit Test (NEXT) for the purpose of ‘licensing’.  

Highlights

  • Section 15(5) says that NEXT would serve the purpose of national eligibility and entrance test (NEET) towards admission to postgraduate courses in broad specialities.
  • However, nowhere it is mentioned that NEXT would serve the purpose of conferment of MBBS degree.
  • The second contradiction is that Section 32 of the NMC act provides for licensing of non medical persons or Community Health Providers to practise modern medicine.
  • However, the term Community Health Provider has been vaguely defined to allow anyone connected with modern medicine to get registered in NMC and be licensed to practise modern medicine.

Source: The Hindu.


Pakistan to approach ICJ over Kashmir issue

Focus: GS2.

Topic: India and its neighbourhood- relations. 

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Context

  • Pakistan has announced that it would take Kashmir issue to the International Court of Justice (ICJ).
  • The tensions between India and Pakistan have escalated ever since India abrogated provisions of Article 370 of the Constitution to withdraw Jammu and Kashmir’s special status and bifurcated it into two Union Territories.

Background

  • This move comes after the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) held a closed-door, informal consultation on the Kashmir situation although there were no statements or outcomes.
  • Following the UNSC meeting, India had underlined that the revocation of J&K special status was an internal matter and that these decisions have no external ramifications. 

About ICJ

  • ICJ was established in 1945 by the United Nations charter.
  • It is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations situated at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.
  • It is composed of 15 judges elected to nine-year terms of office by the United Nations General Assembly and the Security Council.
  • Its objective is to settle legal disputes submitted to it by (a)states (b)duly authorized international branches and (c)UN General Assembly.

Source: The Hindu.


Centre to double time limit to appeal NRC ouster to 120 days

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. 

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Context

  • The Central Government has proposed to double the time limit available for filing an appeal against non-inclusion of persons in the National Register of Citizens(NRC) in Assam
  • At present, the time limit for filing of appeal in foreigners tribunals (FTs) is 60 days.
  • This will be amended to increase the time limit to 120 days. 

Background

  • Under the provisions of the Foreigners Act, 1946 and Foreigners (Tribunals) Order,1964 only Foreigners Tribunals are empowered to declare a person as a foreigner.
  • Thus, non-inclusion of a person’s name in NRC does not by itself amount to him/her being declared as a foreigner. 

About NRC

  • The National Register of Citizens (NRC) is a register which contains the name of all citizens of India residing in Assam.
  • It was prepared in 1951.
  • Currently, the NRC is being updated in Assam.
  • It seeks to identify illegal migrants in Assam who had entered the state on or after 25th March 1971.
  • The update is being carried out under the Citizenship Act, 1955, and according to rules framed in the Assam Accord, 1985.

Source: The Hindu. 


Tax notices to soon carry an identification number

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. 

Image result for Tax notices to soon carry an identification number

Why in News?

  • Central Board of Direct taxes (CBDT) has said that all communications made by the tax department to tax assessees from October 1, 2019 will have to carry a Document Identification Number (DIN). 

About DIN

  • Document identification number (DIN) is the new system of identification number that Income tax department has introduced for the taxpayers.
  • The DIN will be generated by the income tax department and is made mandatory for any income tax related communication including filing of income tax returns. 

Highlights

  • Any communication that does not include the Document identification number (DIN) will be considered invalid according to section 282b of the Income Tax Act.
  • This move is aimed at improving accountability and transparency in tax administration.
  • It is expected that this move would also help taxpayers detect fake notices and letters as the notice would be verifiable on the e-filing portal.

Source: The Hindu.


IIT Kharagpur to steer Saraswati 2.0 for reuse of treated water

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Image result for IIT Kharagpur to steer Saraswati 2.0 for reuse of treated water

Context

  • IIT Kharagpur will be implementing the multi-institutional Saraswati 2.0 project.
  • The project has been funded by the European Union and the Government of India’s Department of Science and Technology and Biotechnology.  

Objective

The objective of the project is to identify the best available as well as affordable technologies for wastewater treatment and provide solutions to the challenges of water use in both rural and urban areas. 

Highlights

  • The project was selected under the EU-India Joint Call on Research and Innovation for Water.
  • India and Europe have been collaborating intensively on water by enriching each other’s technological and scientific knowledge and management capacities to cope with stress on water resources.

Source: The Hindu.

Map of the Day–Belgium

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Quote for the Day

“Climbing to the top demands strength, whether it is to the top of Mount Everest or to the top of your career. “ - A. P. J. Abdul Kalam 

Mains Answer Writing

1.A study has recently shown that Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana was a timely intervention to rectify the harm caused by Household Air Pollution in India. Critically Analyse.
2.Explain the salient features of National Medical Commission (NMC) Bill, 2019.
3.What do you understand by Document identification number (DIN)? Discuss its significance.


Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1.The National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) is a statutory Corporation.
2.It was set up under an Act of Indian Parliament in 1963.
3.It is the sole statutory organisation functioning as an apex financial and developmental institution exclusively devoted to cooperative sector.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

2. Consider the following statements:

1.Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (PoK) is that part of Jammu and Kashmir which was invaded by Pakistan in 1947.
2.The region is divided into two parts namely the (a) Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK) and (b) Gilgit-Baltistan.
3.Trans Karakoram Tract is not a part of PoK.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

3. Consider the following statements:

1.Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana is a scheme of the Ministry of Social Justice.
2.The scheme was launched in 2016.
3.It aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

4.Consider the following statements:

1.International Court of Justice (ICJ) was established in 1945 by the United Nations charter.
2.It is independent of United Nations.
3.It is situated at the Peace Palace in The Hague, Netherlands.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

5.Ok Jokull glacier belongs to?

a.United Kingdom
b.Canada
c.Russia
d.Iceland

Answers

1.D 2.A 3.B 4.C 5.D