Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 23rd August 2019

National Conference of Tourism Ministers

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Image result for National Conference of Tourism Ministers

Context

  • The National Conference of Tourism Ministers organized by the Union Ministry of Tourism was concluded successfully in New Delhi.
  • The conference was inaugurated by Union Minister of State for Tourism and was attended by State Tourism Ministers of States and Union Territories (UTs).  

Background

  • The conference was aimed at deliberation on various issues related to development and promotion of Tourism.
  • During the conference, the tourism minister has launched the Hindi version of the new Incredible India portal at the conference.
  • He also announced that the Arabic, Chinese and Spanish versions of the new Incredible India website will be launched in September, 2019.

About Incredible India

  • Incredible India is the name of an international tourism campaign started by the Government of India since 2002 to promote tourism in India.
  • Further, the Tourism Minister also launched the Incredible India Tourist Facilitator Certification (IITFC) portal during the conference.  

About IITFC Programme

  • IITFC Programme is a digital initiative of the Ministry of Tourism.
  • It is an online programme where one can learn about tourism at their own time, space, path and pace.
  • The successful completion of this programme would enable the learner to become a Certified Tourist Facilitator of Ministry of Tourism, Government of India.

Source: The Hindu.


Leprosy

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to  Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for leprosy programmes india

Context

  • Union Minister for Health has asked the Ministers of Law, Minister of Social Justice and Chief Ministers for amending 108 discriminatory laws against persons affected by Leprosy.
  • He stated that the National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP) has achieved enormous success in leprosy control particularly in the last four decades. 

Background

  • He also stated that India is committed for justice and equality of all individuals including persons with disabilities as per the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD). 
  • He has also mentioned about the WHO’s Global Leprosy Strategy 2016 – 2020.
  • The strategy aims at (a)zero children with leprosy-affected disabilities by 2020 and (b)reduction of new patients diagnosed with leprosy-related deformities to >1 per million population. 

About Leprosy

  • Leprosy also known as Hansen’s disease is a chronic neuro-muscular disorder.
  • It is caused by several strains of Mycobacterium leprae.
  • It has a long incubation period which makes detection difficult.
  • Leprosy can be cured with Multi-Drug Therapy (MDT). 

Highlights

  • India had launched the National Leprosy Eradication Programme in 1983 to eliminate leprosy through early detection, effective treatment and increased awareness.
  • In 2005, India achieved the goal of elimination of leprosy as a public health problem defined as less than 1 case per 10,000 population.

Source: The Hindu.


Tirur Vettila obtains GI tag

Focus: GS3.

Topic: issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Image result for Tirur Vettila

Context

  • Geographical Indication Registry of India has accorded Geographical Indication (GI) tag to Tirur Vettila.
  • Tirur Vettila is a betel leaf.
  • It is produced in Tirur and nearby areas of Malappuram district, Kerala.

About the leaf

  • Tirur Vettila is unique for its significantly high content of total chlorophyll and protein in fresh leaves.
  • The leaf also has several medicinal properties.
  • Eugenol is the major essential oil in Tirur betel leaf contributing to its pungency.
  • It’s shelf period is also more compared to other betel leaves. 

About GI Tag

  • A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities or a reputation that are due to that origin.
  • GI tags are given on the basis of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
  • GI tag secures the quality and authenticity of a product to a particular geographical origin.
  • It provides legal protection from duplication.
  • The first product to get GI tag was Darjeeling Tea.

Source: The Hindu.


Nepal bans single use plastics on Everest region

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Context

  • Nepal authorities have announced a ban on single-use plastics in Mount Everest region.
  • The new rule will come into effect from January 1, 2020.
  • This decision is aimed at reducing the vast amounts of waste left by trekkers and mountaineers. 

About Single-use plastics

  • Single-use plastics, often referred to as disposable plastics are commonly used for plastic packaging.
  • It includes items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled.
  • The ban covers plastic items fewer than 30 microns thickness.
  • These include items such as plastic bags, straws, soda and water bottles and most food packaging. 

Highlights

  • Recently, Nepal government had also conducted a clean-up initiative of Mount Everest.
  • It collected nearly 11 tons of trash that had piled up for decades.
  • Mount Everest known in Nepal as Sagarmatha and in Tibetan as Chomolungma is Earth’s highest mountain above sea level.
  • It is located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas.
  • The international border between Nepal and China (Tibet Autonomous Region) runs across its summit point.

Source: The Hindu. 


What an inverted yield curve means?

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for inverted yield curve india

Why in News?

  • Recently, United States and UK yield curves had inverted for the first time since 2007 and 2008 respectively.
  • This has led to the fear of global recession in the coming future. 

About yield curve

  • The yield curve is a graph showing the relationship between interest rates earned on lending money for different durations.
  • A normal yield curve is one in which longer maturity bonds have a higher yield compared to shorter-term bonds due to the risks associated with time.

Highlights

  • However, inverted yield curve is one in which the shorter-term yields are higher than the longer-term yields which can be a sign of an upcoming recession.
  • Recession is a slowdown or a massive contraction in economic activities, wherein economic indicators such as GDP, profits, employment tend to fall.

Source: The Hindu.


Government to make FASTag mandatory for all vehicles from December 2019

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

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Context

  • Government has has announced that FASTags will become mandatory for all vehicles from December, 2019.
  • This decision has been taken in order to promote faster payment of fees through the digital mode so that vehicles can move through seamlessly, and traffic jams at the toll plazas can be prevented. 

Background

However, among all lanes, one ‘hybrid lane’ will be allowed at every toll plaza to facilitate and monitor over-dimensional or oversized vehicles, where FASTag and other modes of payment will be accepted. 

About FASTag

  • FASTag is an electronic toll collection device which is installed in vehicle mostly attached to the windscreen to help drivers drive through toll plazas without having to stop. 
  • FASTag uses radio frequency identification (RFID) technology to enable direct toll payments while vehicle is moving.
  • The toll fare is deducted directly from prepaid of saving bank account linked to FASTag.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–Afghanistan

Image result for afghanistan map


Quote for the Day

"Our assets walk out of the door each evening. We have to make sure that they come back the next morning." - Narayana murthy 


Mains Answer Writing

1.Explain how the “Incredible India” campaign can boost Indian Tourism.
2.Critically analyse the steps taken by Indian Government to eradicate Leprosy.
3.What do you understand by Inverted yield Curve? How is it now related to Indian Economy.

 


Test your Knowledge

1. Consider the following statements 

1.Incredible India is launched by Ministry of Culture.
2.IITFC Programme is a digital initiative of the Ministry of Tourism.
3.It is an online programme where one can learn about tourism at their own time, space, path and pace.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above

2. Consider the following statements:

1.Leprosy also known as Hansen’s disease.
2.It is a chronic neuro-muscular disorder.
3.It is caused by Virus.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

3. Consider the following statements:

1.Tirur Vettila is a betel leaf.
2.It is produced in Tirur and nearby areas of Malappuram district, Kerala.
3.It’s shelf period is less compared to other betel leaves.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

4.Consider the following statements:

1.GI tag secures the quality and authenticity of a product to a particular geographical origin.
2.It provides legal protection from duplication.
3.The first product to get GI tag was Mysore Jasmine.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 

5.Chomolungma mountain is in?

a.India
b.Nepal
c.Pakistan
d.Bhutan


Answers

1.B 2.A 3.A 4.A 5.B