Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 12th September 2019


Tamil Nadu ranks lowest in coverage of iodised salt

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Image result for Tamil Nadu ranks lowest in coverage of iodised salt

Context

  • The national survey to measure the coverage of iodized salt has been released.
  • The survey was conducted by Nutrition International in collaboration with the AIIMS and the Indian Coalition for the Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (ICCIDD). 

Background

  • The survey tested the iodine content in samples of cooking salt from households to estimate the coverage of iodised salt in 29 States and 7 Union Territories in India.
  • The survey has found that the national average for household coverage is 76.3% which means 76.3% of Indian households consumed adequately iodised salt which is salt with at least 15 parts per million of iodine. 

Findings of the survey

  • The five worst performers were Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan, Odisha and Jharkhand.
  • The north-eastern States are doing very well with respect to iodised salt consumption at the household level because of the distance they have from the three salt producing states.
  • Further, Gujarat produces 71% of salt in the country followed by Rajasthan at 17% and Tamil Nadu at 11%.
  • The rest of the country accounts for a mere 1% of salt produced.
  • The survey also revealed that 13 out of 36 States have already achieved Universal Salt Iodisation or have 90% of households with access to adequately iodised salt. 

Recommendations

  • The study has recommended to sustain the momentum so that iodine coverage does not fall below current levels.
  • It has also recommended that the States and the Centre need to work together to address the current gaps and look into issues that vary from one state to another, in order to produce adequately iodized salt.

Source: The Hindu.


National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd (NAFED)

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Context

  • NAFED will be directly buying apples from apple growers in Jammu and Kashmir under the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) scheme that offers direct transfer subsidies to the bank account of individuals.
  • National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India (NAFED) was established in 1958.
  • It is registered under the Multi State Co-operative Societies Act. 

About NAFED

  • NAFED was set up to promote cooperative marketing of agricultural produce to benefit farmers.
  • The objectives of the NAFED are 
(a)To organize, promote and develop marketing, processing and storage of agricultural, horticultural and forest produce 
(b)To distribute agricultural machinery, implements and other inputs 
(c)To undertake inter-state, import and export trade, wholesale or retail and 
(d)To act and assist for technical advice in agricultural production.
  • Agricultural farmers are the main members of NAFED who have the authority to say in the form of members of the General Body in the working of NAFED.

Source: The Hindu.


Finance Commission

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Image result for finance commission

Context

  • The 15th Finance Commission has assured the Rajasthan government’s demand for additional funds on the basis of factors such as difficult geography, heterogeneous society, limited resources and future needs.
  • The Finance Commission is constituted by the President under Article 280 of the Constitution mainly to give its recommendations on distribution of tax revenues between the Union and the States and amongst the States themselves.

About Finance Commission

  • The Commission is appointed every five years.
  • It consists of a Chairman and four other members.
  • The First Finance Commission was constituted in 1951 under the chairmanship of Shri K.C. Neogi.

Functions

  • The Commission makes recommendations to the President of India on the distribution of tax proceeds between the Union and the States and the share of each state.
  • The Commission also decides the principles that govern the payment of grants-in-aid to states from the Consolidated Fund of India.
  • The President of India can also refer any other matter to the Finance Commission in the interest of building a sound financial system.

About 15th Finance Commission

  • The 15th Finance Commission was constituted by the President of India under the chairmanship of NK Singh. 
  • This Commission is expected to submit its report by October 2019.
  • Its recommendations will cover a period of five years from April 2020 to March 2025.

Source: The Hindu.


‘ANGAN’ – international Conference on energy efficiency

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

Context

  • An international conference ANGAN (Augmenting Nature by Green Affordable New-habitat) focussed on Energy Efficiency in the building sector has started.
  • The Conference is organised by the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Ministry of Power, Government of India in collaboration with GIZ under the Indo German Technical Cooperation. 

About the conference

  • The conference will be attended by experts from 16 countries who will discuss various options and technologies for energy efficient buildings.
  • It will provide a platform to deliberate on 
(a) interdependence between organizations 
(b) systemic sustainability and 
(c) feed back loops for better resource efficiency. 

About BEE

  • The BEE is a statutory body under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.
  • It was set up under the provisions of Energy Conservation Act, 2001.
  • Its mission is to assist in developing policies with the primary objective of reducing energy intensity of the Indian Economy.
  • BEE coordinates with designated consumers, designated agencies and other organizations.
  • It recognizes, identify and utilize the existing resources and infrastructure in performing the functions assigned to it under the Energy Conservation Act.

Source: The Hindu. 


Eradicating malaria by 2050 – why study says it can be done 

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for Eradicating malaria by 2050 — why study says it can be done

Why in News?

  • Lancet has released a report on Malaria eradication.
  • The report has held that with the right strategies and sufficient funding, it is possible to eradicate malaria as early as 2050. 

Report Findings

  • The report has noted that since 2000, global malaria incidence and death rates have declined by 36% and 60 % respectively.
  • More than half of the world’s countries are malaria-free.
  • However, there are over 200 million cases of malaria reported each year, claiming nearly half a million lives.
  • Malaria cases are rising in 55 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America.
  • The report also highlighted the inequity where 29 countries (27 in Africa) accounted for the large majority of new cases and 85% of global deaths in 2017.
  • On the other hand, 38 countries had incidences of fewer than ten cases per 1,000 population in 2017 and reported just 5% of total malaria deaths. 

Recommendations

The report identifies three ways to accelerate the decline in malaria cases which are-

  • Improve implementation of malaria control programmes globally.
  • Develop and roll out innovative new tools to overcome the biological challenges to eradication.
  • Malaria-endemic countries must be provided with the financial investment to fight malaria. 

About Malaria

  • Malaria is a disease caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to people through the bite of infected female Anopheles mosquitoes.
  • According to the World Malaria Report 2018, more than 200 million people were affected by malaria in 2017.
  • India (4%) along with Nigeria Democratic Republic of the Congo, Mozambique and Uganda accounted for nearly 50% of all malaria cases.

Source: The Hindu.


Project ‘Bal Basera’

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources, issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Image result for national creche scheme

Context

  • Project Bal Basera or creche has been inaugurated at AIIMS Rishikesh.
  • Bal Basera or a Crèche is a project for the welfare of Children of Construction Workers was deployed at AIIMS Rishikesh site.  

About ‘Bal Basera’

  • The project is supported by Central Public Works Department (CPWD).
  • Bal Basera can accommodate about 35 Children and shall be run by CPWD Officers Wives Association (OWA). 

About National Creche scheme

  • A crèche is a facility which enables parents to leave their children while they are at work and where children are provided stimulating environment for their holistic development.
  • National Crèche Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
  • The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
  • The scheme aims to provide day care facilities to children from age group of 6 months to 6 years of working mothers in the community.
  • The scheme also provides supplementary nutrition, health care inputs like immunization, polio drops, basic health monitoring, sleeping facilities, pre-school education for children aged between 3-6 yrs.

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–Spain


Image result for spain map


Quote for the Day


"Educating the mind without educating the heart is no education at all” –Aristotle


Mains Answer Writing


1.Critically analyse the recommendations of 15th Finance Commission.
2.Discuss the role played by BEE in ensuring energy security for the country.
3.Explain the salient features of Project ‘Bal Basera’ scheme.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.The BEE is a non- statutory body.
2.It is under the Ministry of Power, Government of India.
3.It was set up under the provisions of Energy Conservation Act, 2001.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.National Crèche Scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme.
2.The scheme is being implemented by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.
3.The scheme aims to provide day care facilities to children from age group of 1 year to 7 years of working mothers in the community.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.The Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI) is the largest non government and nonprofit based organization. 
2.It was established in 1927.
3.It was established on the advice of Jawaharlal Nehru by GD Birla and Purushottam Das Thakurdas. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious hemorrhagic viral disease of domestic and wild pigs which is responsible for serious economic and production losses. 
2.It is caused by a large DNA virus of the Asfarviridae family which also infects ticks of the genus Ornithodoros. 
3.There is no approved vaccine against African Swine fever. 

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Eklavya Model Residential School (EMRS) is under the Ministry of?

a.Tribal Affairs 
b.Social Justice
c.Human Resource Development
d.Women and Child Development

 

Answers

  1. B 2.A 3.A 4.D 5.A