Daily Analysis

An in-depth analysis of the best and most relevant editorials of the day from the best dailies known for civil services preparation.

DAILY CURRENT AFFAIRS, 14th September 2019


Kerala to set up India’s first trade centre for women

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Context

  • Kerala will be setting up India’s first International Women’s Trade Centre (iWTC).
  • This IWTC initiative is in accordance with the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

About iWTC

  • The first phase of iWTC which is being executed under the Gender Park’s “Vision 2020” is scheduled to be completed by 2021.
  • The trade centre will aim at accelerating women entrepreneurship and secure gender parity.
  • The facility will also provide women with a safe place away from home to start new businesses, set up or expand and get their products marketed globally.
  • The facility will have women’s startup and incubation centre, retail fashion and technology outlets, health and wellness centres, business centres among others. 

About SDGs

  • The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) were born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development in Rio de Janeiro in 2012.
  • The objective was to produce a set of universal goals that meet the urgent environmental, political and economic challenges facing the world.
  • The SDGs are a bold commitment to finish what the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) started and tackle some of the more pressing challenges.

Source: The Hindu.


DRDO successfully flight-tests indigenously developed Antitank Guided Missile

Focus: GS3.

Topic: Various Security forces and agencies and their mandate.

Context

  • Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) has successfully flight tested indigenously developed Man-Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM).
  • Man-Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armored military vehicles. 

About the missile

  • The missile is low weight and fire and forget missile.
  • It was launched from a man-portable Tripod launcher.
  • The missile is incorporated with Infrared Imaging Seeker along with advanced avionics.
  • The missile has a strike range of 2.5 km.
  • It weighs around 14.5 kg to maintain man portability. 

About DRDO

  • DRDO was established in 1958 by the government of India.
  • It is under the administrative control of Union Ministry of Defence.
  • DRDO aims to enhance India’s self-reliance in Defence Systems.
  • It undertakes design & development leading to the production of a world-class weapon system.

Source: The Hindu.


Consider tribal area status for Ladakh, says ST commission

Focus: GS1.

Topic: Social empowerment, communalism, regionalism & secularism.

Context

  • The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) has recommended that the Union Territory (UT) of Ladakh be given Tribal area status under Sixth Schedule of the Constitution.
  • The total tribal population in Ladakh region is more than 97%.

Background

  • The major Scheduled Tribes (STs) in Ladakh are (a) Balti Beda (b)Bot (or Boto) (c) Brokpa (d) Changpa (e) Garra (f)Mon and (g) Purigpa.
  • Hence, tribal status will help in preserving and promoting several distinct cultural heritages of these communities in Ladakh region.
  • Further, the inclusion in the sixth schedule will also help in democratic devolution of powers in the region and will also enhance the transfer of funds for speedy development of the region.

About sixth schedule

  • The Constitution of India makes special provisions for the administration of the tribal dominated areas in four states namely Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram.
  • As per article 244 and 6th Schedule, these areas are called “Tribal Areas”, which are technically different from the Scheduled Areas under fifth schedule.
  • The Governors of these four states are empowered to declare some tribal dominated districts / areas of these states as autonomous districts and autonomous regions.
  • It provides for the creation of autonomous District and Regional Councils in these tribal areas and they enjoy a certain degree of administrative, legislative, judicial and financial autonomy.

Source: The Hindu.


Jeevan Kaushal programme

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

Image result for Jeevan Kaushal programme

Context

  • Union Minister of State for Human Resource Development has launched the Curriculum for Life Skills (Jeevan Kaushal) programme.
  • The Curriculum for Life Skills (Jeevan Kaushal) programme has been designed by the University Grants Commission (UGC). 

About the programme

  • The programme is aimed at inculcating emotional and intellectual competencies in higher education students and helps them overcome stress and manage time effectively.
  • The life skills programme will comprise of four courses namely (a) communication skills (b) professional skills (c) leadership skills and (d) universal human values.
  • The programme will also focus on teamwork, problem-solving and decision-making among others.

Source: The Hindu. 


Eurasian Economic Forum

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate.

Image result for Eurasian Economic Forum

Why in News?

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) has organized the Eurasian Economic Union meeting.
  • India had skipped the meeting as the event was organized to discuss and deliberate upon China’s Belt and Road Initiative.
  • The meeting had also promoted the revival of the ancient Great Silk Road in Eurasia in a new, modern format.

About China’s Belt and Road initiative

  • Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is an ambitious programme to connect Asia with Africa and Europe via land and maritime networks along six corridors. 
  • The initiative aims at improving (a) regional integration, (b) increasing trade and (c) stimulating economic growth.
  • India has repeatedly opposed the BRI.
  • The main reason for India’s opposition to the BRI is the (China-Pakistan Economic Corridor) CPEC which is a flagship programme of the BRI.
  • The CPEC passes through Pakistan-Occupied Kashmir (Gilgit-Baltistan). 
  • As both India and Pakistan claim all of Kashmir, the area is considered a disputed territory by India. 
  • The Ancient Silk Road or Silk Route was an ancient network of trade routes that were central to cultural interaction through regions of the Asian continent connecting the West and East from China to the Mediterranean Sea. 

About EAEU

  • The Eurasian Economic Union is an international organization for regional economic integration that came into existence on 1st January 2015.
  • The member states of the Eurasian Economic Union are (a) Armenia (b) Belarus (c) Kazakhstan (d)Kyrgyz Republic and (e)Russian Federation.
  • The EAEU provides for free movement of goods, services, capital, and labour within its borders.
  • It pursues, coordinates, & harmonizes the policies in the sectors determined by the treaty and international agreements within the Union. 

About SCO

  • The Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) also known as the Shanghai Pact is a Eurasian political, economic, and military organisation.
  • Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
  • Following the accession of Uzbekistan to the organisation in 2001, the Shanghai Five was renamed to SCO.
  • India and Pakistan became members in 2017.

Source: The Hindu.


NATGRID

Focus: GS2.

Topic: Important aspects of governance,

Image result for NATGRID

Context

  • The National Intelligence Grid (NATGRID) project wants to link social media accounts to the huge database of records related to immigration entry and exit, banking and telephone details among others.
  • It is an integrated intelligence grid connecting databases of core security agencies to collect comprehensive patterns of intelligence that can be readily accessed by intelligence agencies. 

Functions of NATGRID

  • Under NATGRID, 21 sets of databases will be networked to achieve quick, seamless and secure access to desired information for intelligence/enforcement agencies.
  • The database would be accessible to authorised persons from 11 agencies on a case to case basis and only for professional investigations into suspected cases of terrorism.
  • It will utilize technologies like Big Data and analytics to study and analyze the huge amounts of data from various intelligence and enforcement agencies to help track suspected terrorists and prevent terrorist attacks. 

About it’s importance

  • India is a place where many terror networks operate that carry out attacks from time to time.
  • Despite prone to such terror attacks, India don’t have a well-formulated database of these terror networks.
  • The idea is to collate and analyze vital data to get a complete view of a situation.
  • Hence, the details that take one to three months can be had within minutes.
  • NATGRID will tackle the problem of coordination mechanism regarding data transfer from one agency to another agency.
  • Due to federal nature of government, the coordination at the center and states level is also lacking and in the case of any emergency, the response mechanism is not effective.
  • Hence, NATGRID will be effective in solving this problem. 

Concerns

  • There can be misuse of digital databases against the citizens, it may compromise individual privacy and even violate national security.
  • The crucial intelligence information, if available to many agencies can be leaked and used against the nation.
  • The data can also be misused by state agencies itself and surveillance like situation against every citizen is against the democratic principle. 

Source: The Hindu.


Map of the Day–Equator countries


Image result for equator countries


Quote for the Day


"Many have died; you also will die. The drum of death is being beaten. The world has fallen in love with a dream. Only sayings of the wise will remain." – Kabir Das


Mains Answer Writing


1.Critically analyse the salient features of ‘Jeevan Kaushal programme’.
2.Discuss the functions and concerns of NATGRID.
3.Explain the impact of sixth schedule on the tribal population of Ladakh.

 

Test your Knowledge


1. Consider the following statements 

1.The Eurasian Economic Union came into existence on 1st January 2015.
2.Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
3.India and Pakistan became members in 2017.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above


2. Consider the following statements:

1.Man-Portable Anti Tank Guided Missile (MPATGM) is low weight and fire and forget missile.
2.DRDO was established in 1958 by the government of India.
3.It is under the administrative control of Union Home Ministry.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


3. Consider the following statements:

1.India Urban Data Exchange is a research project under smart cities mission.
2.The project is implemented by the Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA).
3.The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) is implementing the Smart cities mission.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


4.Consider the following statements:

1.Swachh Bharat Abhiyan is a cleanliness campaign initiated by Govt. of India in 2016.
2.It is implemented by Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Jal Shakti Ministry.
3.The Swachata hi Sewa 2019 theme is ‘plastic waste awareness and management’.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

a) 1 and 2 only

b) 2 and 3 only

c) 1 and 3 only

d) All of the above 


5.Brokpa tribes belong to?

a.Gujarat
b.Telangana
c.Kerala
d.Ladakh

 

Answers

  1. C 2.A 3.A 4.B 5.D